On 26th May 2015, NDA government led by Narendra Modi will complete one year in office. One year before, the National Democratic Alliance formed government at the center with a historic mandate. As leader of the government, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has certainly showed a marked shift in leadership and style of governance compared to the earlier UPA regime but there are various areas such as Agriculture, health and education where the administration is yet to show sustained progress.
BJP won the 2014 general election riding on many populist promises including bringing black money back to India, providing employment and reducing inflation. Expectations were unrealistically high from the Modi Govt. but after one year in office, Modi Govt. seems an ordinary government. Although Prime Minister has been dynamic in establishing foreign relations, the overall performance of the government is not very enthusiastic.
Here we are presenting a review of functioning of Modi govt. that highlights the hits and misses of this govt. We will assess the overall performance by assessing the individual aspects such as Social Initiatives, Foreign policy, Economic and Industrial reforms, Corruption and Black money, Inflation, legislation and governance. In this first article of a series of 6 articles, we present the new social initiatives of the Modi govt.
Social Initiatives by PM Modi in his first year
The one area of governance where this govt. has been outstanding is the new social initiatives that the PM has started. The most successful initiative of this government is the ‘Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana’ – the first big social welfare scheme of Modi government. This scheme was launched to achieve the complete financial inclusiveness in the country. This was launched by PM Modi on 28th August, 2014 with a target to open 7.5 Crores bank accounts for the persons who do not have a bank account. This account is to be used to provide the Direct Benefit Transfer to the citizens for various schemes and subsidies provided by the government.
The biggest hit of this govt. is the ‘Swachh BharatAbhiyan’-a nationwide mission to clean India’s streets and ensure sanitation. Prime Minister officially launched this Clean India initiative on 2nd October, 2014, on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti. Under this national campaign the streets, roads and infrastructure of 4041 statutory towns will be cleaned. This is India’s biggest ever cleanliness programme which was launched by PM Modi himself. Since then, He has nominated a number of personalities and celebrities such as Amitabh Bachchan and Sachin Tendulkar. The campaign aims to accomplish the vision of a ‘Clean India’ by 2nd October 2019, the 150th Birth Anniversary of National father Mahatma Gandhi.
Another big step towards the social issues is the launching of ‘BetiBachao, BetiPadhao’ Campaign. Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched this campaign on 23rd January 2015 from Haryana. Taking a note of lower sex ratio PM launched this campaign which is initially being implemented in 100 districts across the country.
Prime Minister Modi has also shown concern for the cleaning of rivers in India and he has launched ‘NamamiGange’ project with a target to clean the important life giving rivers of India which are being polluted at an alarming rate. In the Union Budget 2014-15, the govt. announced a sum of Rs. 2037 crores for the cleaning and conservation of river Ganga. In addition a sum of Rs. 100 crores has been allocated for the developments of Ghats and beautification of of River fronts at various cities.
In this article we have reviewed the various social initiatives taken by Narendra Modi govt. In the next article we will have a view at the hits and misses of the foreign policy of this govt.